Computed Tomography (CT)
A Computed Tomography, or CT scan, is an imaging test that combines computers and 360-degree X-rays to produce high-resolution body images. It is painless, fast, non-invasive, and an extremely accurate procedure. A CT scan can depict bones, blood vessels, and soft tissues inside the body. Common areas of scanning include the chest, abdomen, and pelvic area. The CT scan is a vital tool in diagnosing a disease. This is significant in identification and proper diagnosis of infection, blood clot, internal bleeding, or disease. This helps decide, plan and execute a treatment - be it surgical, medical, or radiation based.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging provides 3D anatomical and pathological pictures that help evaluate a wide range of conditions in the human body. Such images cannot be obtained via X-Ray or CT scan. MRI uses a strong magnetic field and radio frequency pulses to produce high-resolution pictures. The device and technique allow for viewing inside the muscle, joints, ligaments, tendons, cartilage, and internal organs.
Myelography uses a real-time form of x-ray called fluoroscopy and an injection of contrast material to evaluate the spinal cord, nerve roots and spinal lining. By injecting contrast material into the spine, doctors can visualize the spinal cord, nerves, and tissues that line the nerves (meninges). Myelography is typically used to evaluate the spine before and after surgery and to detect problems in patients who cannot undergo MRI.
MR arthrography (arthrogram) is a contrast-enhanced study used to visualize the interior of joints in a very detailed way. An arthrogram helps doctors diagnose problems with the bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons within a joint. Arthrograms are especially useful for determining the cause of unexplained joint pain. Contrast material (gadolinium based) is injected directly into the joint which distends or enlarges the joint thus allowing for enhanced visualization of small internal structures. This leads to improved evaluation of diseases or conditions within the joint. Joint injections are done immediately before the MRI exam using fluoroscopic guidance.